04 January 2011

2011 Taoist, Confucian, and Shinto Calendar

* 1/1 to 1/6: Shogatsu/Shinto New Year's Festival--The Kami of the four directions are honored, and prayers for happiness, good health, and prosperity are made. [a/k/a Shihohai, Genshisai, Shinnen-enkai]

* 1/15: Seijin-no-Hi--Shinto festival honoring 20-year-old men and women on reaching adulthood, and recognizing the rights and responsibilities that come with it. [Also celebrated the second Monday in January.] [a/k/a Seijin-Shiki, Coming of Age Day]

* 2/3: Setsubun--Shinto rite in which good fortune is invoked and evil exorcised. [a/k/a Setsubun-no-Hi, Setsubun-Sai, Bean-Throwing Festival, Turn of the Seasons Festival]

* 2/3 to 2/6: Hsih Nien/Suhl/Tet--Chinese and East Asian Lunar New Year (Year 4709: the Hare).

* 2/17: Toshigoi--Shinto rite honoring the Kami and offering prayers for a bountiful rice harvest. The Kami are manifestations of the one universal, primordial and eternal, immanent and transcendent DKuni-Tokotachi-no-Kami. [a/k/a Toshigoi-no-Matsuri, Kinensai]

* 3/3: Joshi-no-Sekku--Shinto festival honoring girls. Families pray for the health, happiness, and prosperity of girls, and to protect them from evil spirits. [a/k/a Hina Matsuri, Girls' Day, Girls' Festival, Doll Festival]

* 3/5: Day commemorating the birth of Taoist Lao-Tzu (570? BC). Taoists live simply and tranquilly, respect life, and recognize the equality of all. [570?-490? BC; alternate dates 604-531 BC]

* 3/21: Taoist festival honoring the Shen of Water, East, and Spring; prayers are made for growth. Taoists seek enlightenment and live in harmony with Nature.

* 3/21: Shunki-Korei-Sai--Shinto rite honoring ancestors. [a/k/a Shunki-Sorei-Sai, Shunbun-no-Hi, Shunbun-Sai, Haru-no-Higan]

* 4/8: Hana Matsuri--Shinto rite honoring the Kami of Flowers. [a/k/a Flower Kami Festival]

* 5/3: Taue Matsuri--Shinto rice-planting festival. Prayers are made for a bountiful harvest. [a/k/a O-taue Matsuri, Otaue-Sai]

* 5/5: Tango-no-Sekku--Shinto festival honoring boys. Families pray for the health, happiness, and prosperity of boys, and to protect them from evil spirits. [a/k/a Koi-no-Bori, Boys' Festival, Children's Day]

* 6/15: Suijin Matsuri--Shinto rite honoring the Kami of Water. [a/k/a Water Kami Festival]

* 6/21: Taoist festival honoring Shang-Ti/Heavenly Emperor, Father of Justice and Law, and manifestation of the Te (Virtuous Inner Power). Also celebrates the peak of the masculine Yang half of the year and the Shen of Fire, South, and Summer; prayers are made for strength and maturity, and offerings are made to the ancestors.

* 6/30: Oharai/Grand Purification Festival--Shinto rite exorcising evil from the world. Devotees are purified from offenses committed. [a/k/a Oh-Harai-Taisai, Great Purification Festival]

* 7/7: Tanabata--Shinto rite honoring the Kami of the Stars. [a/k/a Star Kami Festival]

* 8/15: Kaza Matsuri--Shinto rite honoring the Kami of Wind. [a/k/a Wind Kami festival]

* 9/23: Taoist festival honoring the Shen of Winds, West, and Autumn; thanksgiving is made for the harvest. Taoists believe the unity of Yin (Eternal Feminine) and Yang (Eternal Masculine) make up the psyche-matter-energy of the eternal all-encompassing Ch'i.

* 9/23: Shuki-Korei-Sai--Shinto rite honoring ancestors. [a/k/a Shuki-Sorei-Sai, Shubun- no-Hi, Shubun-Sai, Aki-no-Higan]

* 9/28: Birthday of Confucius (K'ung Fu-Tzu) (551 BC). He taught that societal harmony could be realized when individuals acted with loving care for family, concern for friends and neighbors, benevolence to strangers, and respect for all. [Founder of Confucianism.] [Death day 11/29/479 BC]

* 10/17: Shukaku Matsuri--Shinto rite offering thanks and first fruits of the rice harvest to the Kami. [a/k/a Aki Matsuri, Kannamesai, Harvest Festival]

* 12/1: Suijin-Matsuri--Shinto rite honoring the Kami of Water. [a/k/a Water Kami Festival]

* 12/22: Taoist festival honoring Wang-Mu/Empress Mother, Mother of Compassion and Wisdom, and manifestor of the Tao (Cosmic Power of Creation and Destruction). Also celebrates the peak of the feminine Yin half of the year and the Shen of Earth, North, and Winter; prayers are made for rest and renewal, and offerings are made to the Cosmos.

* 12/22: Tohji-Taisai--Shinto rite honoring the Sun, Amaterasu. The Storms Susano-o angered Her, and She withdrew into a cave until enticed out with music and dance.

* 12/31: Oharai/Grand Purification Festival--Shinto rite exorcising evil from the world. Devotees are purified from offenses committed. [a/k/a Oh-Harai-Taisai, Great Purification Festival]

[Taoism (Daoism) was founded in 3rd Century BC China by Lao-Tzu. Taoism is a philosophical and spiritual system grounded in Nature and its rhythms. Taoist holy scripture is called the Tao Tsang. It includes the Tao-Te Ching and over a thousand other writings. Taoist holidays and the Taoist calendar are based on the Chinese lunisolar calendar. Chinese religion is a fusion of Taoism and Confucianism, and most Chinese also practice Chinese Mahayana Buddhism.]

[Confucianism was founded in 6th Century BC China by Confucius (K'ung Fu-Tzu). Confucianism is a philosophical system focused on ethics and social structure.]

[Shinto (Shintoism) originated in Japan. Shinto is grounded in Nature and its rhythms. Shinto practitioners make daily offerings and prayers at home shrines and attend regional or national Shinto Shrines on annual festival days. Though Shinto holidays were previously based on a lunar calendar, the Shinto calendar is now based on the Gregorian calendar, which has been adopted in Japan. Most Japanese practice both Shinto and a form of Mahayana or Tantric Buddhism.]
Post a Comment
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...