23 May 2008

The Golden Rule: The Ethic of reciprocity

"Every religion emphasizes human improvement, love, respect for others, sharing other people's suffering. On these lines every religion had more or less the same viewpoint and the same goal."
The Dalai Lama
Bahá'í Faith:
"Ascribe not to any soul that which thou wouldst not have ascribed to thee, and say not that which thou doest not."
"Blessed is he who preferreth his brother before himself."

Baha'u'llah
"And if thine eyes be turned towards justice, choose thou for thy neighbour that which thou choosest for thyself."
Epistle to the Son of the Wolf

Brahmanism:
"This is the sum of Dharma [duty]: Do naught unto others which would cause you pain if done to you."
Mahabharata, 5:1517

Buddhism:
"...a state that is not pleasing or delightful to me, how could I inflict that upon another?"
Samyutta Nikaya v. 353
"Hurt not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful."
Udana-Varga 5:18

Christianity:
"Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets."
Matthew 7:12
"And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise."
Luke 6:31

Confucianism:
"Do not do to others what you do not want them to do to you."
Analects 15:23
"Tse-kung asked, 'Is there one word that can serve as a principle of conduct for life?' Confucius replied, 'It is the word 'shu' -- reciprocity. Do not impose on others what you yourself do not desire.'"
Doctrine of the Mean 13.3
"Try your best to treat others as you would wish to be treated yourself, and you will find that this is the shortest way to benevolence."
Mencius VII.A

Ancient Egyptian:
"Do for one who may do for you, that you may cause him thus to do."
The Tale of the Eloquent Peasant, 109-110

Hinduism:
"This is the sum of duty: do not do to others what would cause pain if done to you."
Mahabharata 5:1517

Islam:
"None of you [truly] believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself."
Number 13 of Imam Al-Nawawi's Forty Hadiths

Jainism:
"Therefore, neither does he [a sage] cause violence to others nor does he make others do so."
Acarangasutra 5.101-2
"In happiness and suffering, in joy and grief, we should regard all creatures as we regard our own self."
Lord Mahavira, 24th Tirthankara
"A man should wander about treating all creatures as he himself would be treated."
Sutrakritanga 1.11.33

Judaism:
"...thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself."
Leviticus 19:18
"What is hateful to you, do not to your fellow man. This is the law: all the rest is commentary."
Talmud, Shabbat 31a.
"And what you hate, do not do to any one."
Tobit 4:15

Native American Spirituality:
"Respect for all life is the foundation."
The Great Law of Peace

Shinto:
"The heart of the person before you is a mirror. See there your own form"
"Be charitable to all beings, love is the representative of God."
Ko-ji-ki Hachiman Kasuga

Sikhism:
"Compassion-mercy and religion are the support of the entire world."
Japji Sahib
"Don't create enmity with anyone as God is within everyone."
Guru Arjan Devji 259
"No one is my enemy, none a stranger and everyone is my friend."
Guru Arjan Dev AG 1299

Sufism:
"The basis of Sufism is consideration of the hearts and feelings of others. If you haven't the will to gladden someone's heart, then at least beware lest you hurt someone's heart, for on our path, no sin exists but this."
Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh, Master of the Nimatullahi Sufi Order

Taoism:
"Regard your neighbor's gain as your own gain, and your neighbor's loss as your own loss."
T'ai Shang Kan Ying P'ien
"The sage has no interest of his own, but takes the interests of the people as his own. He is kind to the kind; he is also kind to the unkind: for Virtue is kind. He is faithful to the faithful; he is also faithful to the unfaithful: for Virtue is faithful."
Tao Teh Ching, Chapter 49

Unitarianism:
"The inherent worth and dignity of every person;"
"Justice, equity and compassion in human relations.... "
"The goal of world community with peace, liberty, and justice for all;"
"We affirm and promote respect for the interdependent web of all existence of which we are a part."
Unitarian principles 7,8

Wicca:
"An it harm no one, do what thou wilt" (i.e. do what ever you will, as long as it harms nobody, including yourself; One's will is to be carefully thought out in advance of action.)
The Wiccan Rede

Zoroastrianism:
"That nature alone is good which refrains from doing unto another whatsoever is not good for itself."
Dadistan-i-dinik 94:5
"Whatever is disagreeable to yourself do not do unto others."
Shayast-na-Shayast 13:29
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